The Time Use Consortium
The Time Use Consortium is an interdisciplinary network of scholars with an interest in time use & its connections with gender, work, and family well-being. The aim of the consortium is to connect time use researchers in the DMV area with each other -- possibly spurring new research collaborations - and to increase awareness and communicate the value of time-use related research among policy makers, the media, and the general public. Affiliates meet regularly to discuss time use related research & public policy, and to map new research agendas to address critical questions in the area.
Time Use Consortium Affiliates
Jen-Hao Chen (CV) is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminology at Howard University. Before joining Howard, he was an Assistant Professor at University of Missouri-Columbia, His research aims to deepen the understanding of how social integration and disadvantaged social positions affect health and heathy time use, which is essential for shaping policy and interventions that move us toward a healthier, more equitable society. His research has been published in Journal of Gerontology Psychological and Social Sciences, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Social Science and Medicine. Dr. Chen's research has covered by news outlets such as the Huffington Post, New York Times, and Reuters. His current projects focuses on how spousal education and family relationships shape healthy time use, sleep, and cognitive function in mid and later life.
Shannon N. Davis (CV) received her BA in Sociology in 1997 with distinction as an Undergraduate Research Scholar from the University of North Carolina at Asheville. She received her Ph.D. in Sociology in 2004 from North Carolina State University. She also spent two years as a Postdoctoral Scholar at the Carolina Population Center. Her research has two foci. One vein of her work focuses on the creation of families and the negotiation of family life. Specifically, she is interested in how family members negotiate the intersection of paid and unpaid work in their daily lives and how gender inequality is reproduced in families. Recently, she began investigating the ways married couples are responding to the recent economic recession, and how these responses facilitate and undermine gender equality. The second, and related, focus of her research is on the construction and maintenance of beliefs about gender, or gender ideologies. She is also interested in the ways in which gender ideologies inform decisions about education, work, and relationships. Other recent research has examined the processes through which inequality is reproduced or undermined in higher education with an eye toward understanding the role that undergraduate research can play in changing the future of the professoriate. She was the recipient of a 2012 OSCAR Mentor Award for her mentorship of undergraduate scholars and a 2013 Teaching Excellence Award winner.
Sonalde Desai (CV) is a demographer whose work deals primarily with social inequalities in developing countries with a particular focus on gender and class inequalities. She studies inequalities in education, employment and maternal and child health outcomes by locating them within the political economy of the region. While much of her research focuses on South Asia, she has also engaged in comparative studies across Asia, Latin America and Sub Saharan Africa. She has published articles in a wide range of sociological and demographic journals including American Sociological Review, Demography, Population and Development Review and Feminist Studies. Professor Desai is currently examining changes in the nature and composition of Indian middle classes in the context of India’s movement from state-capitalism to market-capitalism and increasing involvement in the global economy. Sonalde Desai and Reeve Vanneman, in collaboration with National Council of Applied Economic Research in New Delhi, have just completed a multi-sectoral survey of over 40,000 households across India which provides a rich resource for research on the relationship between poverty, gender inequality and public policy on the one hand and different dimensions of human development on the other. This is India's first large panel survey conducted in 2004-5 and 2011-12, covering a period of rapid social change. This survey, titled India Human Development Survey, was funded by the National Institutes of Health, The Ford Foundation and UK Department of International Development. These data are publicly available to all researchers and are being used by more than 9000 users worldwide. Further information is available at http://ihds.umd.edu. Ongoing studies based on these data include intersection between caste and gender in India; changing nature of social stratification and caste inequalities; role of affirmative action in shaping education inequalities in India; gender inequalities in access to health services; and, the role of social capital in shaping access to opportunities. Sonalde Desai holds a joint appointment with National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), New Delhi, where she is a Senior Fellow and Director of National Data Innovation Centre, a collaborative enterprise between NCAER, University of Maryland and University of Michigan. This Center if funded by a grant from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Waverly Ding (CV) is Associate Professor of Management & Organization at the University of Maryland's Robert H. Smith School of Business. Dr. Ding earned her MBA and Ph.D. in business from the University of Chicago. Prior to joining the Smith School faculty, she was an assistant professor at Haas School of Business, the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Ding’s research focuses on high-tech entrepreneurship and strategy, knowledge transfer between universities and industrial firms, and the U.S. biotech industry. She has also conducted research relating to labor force in science and technology. Her work has been published in Science, American Journal of Sociology, Management Science, Journal of Industrial Economics, and Research Policy.
Long Doan (CV) is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland. He is broadly interested in how various social psychological processes motivate behavior and explain patterns of inequality. In particular, Doan is interested in the intersections of sexuality, gender, and race. His work examines how seemingly subtle differences in evaluations of individuals based on their social characteristics lead to larger, more concrete implications, such as the acceptance or denial of legal rights or decisions related to hiring. His current projects examine (1) the ways in which people’s gender and race jointly affect others’ interpretations of their emotion displays and, in turn, subsequent evaluations of them; (2) Americans' attitudes toward the division of housework within same-sex families compared to heterosexual families; (3) the role of status, power, and emotions in escalating or reducing intergroup conflict; and (4) predictors of sexual identity disclosure and the health consequences of sexual identity discrepancy. He is also involved in methodological work developing a general framework for comparing marginal effects across models. Doan's work primarily uses experimental and survey methods, and he is a member of the Group Processes Lab in the Department of Sociology. He teaches courses in the sociology of emotions, social psychology, and research methods.
Maria S. Floro is Professor of Economics at American University in Washington DC and co-director of the Graduate Program on Gender Analysis in Economics (PGAE). Her publications include co-authored books on Informal Credit Markets and the New Institutional Economics, Women's Work in the World Economy, and Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as if All People Mattered and articles on work intensity and overlapping activities, time use and well-being, environmental degradation and care work, vulnerability, informal employment, urban food security, urban poverty, households savings, credit and asset ownership. She has collaborated with time use researchers and feminist economists in conducting Gender-Aware Time Use Data Analysis Training Workshops in Beijing and New Delhi. She is co-editor of the forthcoming case studies’ volume on Invisible No More? A Methodology and Policy Review of How Time Use Surveys Measure Unpaid Work in the Home. Dr. Floro currently leads the Hewlett Foundation-sponsored research project on the Care Economy and Gender Sensitive Macromodelling for Policy Analysis.
Seth Gershenson (CV) holds a PhD from Michigan State University in Economics with a primary focus on education policy. While at Michigan State, he taught several courses and received an Outstanding Teaching award. Professor Gershenson has also been honored with the New Scholar Award by the American Education Finance Association. His approach to teaching and scholarship is to apply economic approaches to practical, policy-driven questions in public education, specifically teacher behavior. Professor Gershenson teaches Quantitative Methods, Managerial Economics, and Economics for Policy Analysis to MPA and MPP students.
Frances Goldscheider’s (CV) research focuses primarily on changes in living arrangements in the US and other developed countries. Her early work mapped the increase in living alone among the elderly (particularly in her 1976 papers in Demography and Journal of Marriage and Family), after which she shifted focus to the dramatic changes in the living arrangements of young adults. As marriage ages rose, growing numbers of the unmarried were found living in the parental home but even more were living in independent households. There was also a major increase in returning home as more young adults left home to less stable living arrangements. Gender and ethnicity have been important themes throughout her work on living arrangements, and increasingly she has turned her analyses to the core gender structures underlying the modern family. In her 1991 award-winning study, New Families/No Families: The Transformation of the American Home (with Linda Waite) she linked demographic change with the gender division of labor. Here she first developed the argument that the early years of the gender revolution, which increase women’s participation in the public sphere of education and work, place strains on the family as women face the “double burden?of both paid and domestic work, strains that can be alleviated by the changes needed to complete the gender revolution, in which men increase their participation as fathers in the home. That theoretical approach has led her to her current focus on the determinants of men’s paternal living arrangements, with the increase both in the proportions of men who do not live with their biological children and those who do live with their partner’s children. Two recent papers focus on which men become stepfathers (2006 Journal of Marriage and Family with Sharon Sassler and 2006 Journal of Family Issues with Gayle Kaufman), extending earlier work on the transition to step fatherhood in Sweden (2002 European Sociological Review with Eva Bernhardt).
Sandra Hofferth, Professor Emerita, School of Public Health, and Research Professor, Maryland Population Research Center, is a former Director of the Maryland Population Research Center (2008-2012) and a former co-Director of the Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics. She was Vice President of the Population Association of America in 2010. Her research interests are in American children's use of time and later health outcomes, work and family, fathers and fathering, and family policy. She has published on the effects of racial/ethnic disparities at the individual and neighborhood levels on father (and mother) involvement and child outcomes and published a series of papers on social capital. Dr. Hofferth has researched family issues in the context of public policy for over thirty years, publishing three books and more than 100 articles and book chapters. She recently completed a project funded by NICHD that examined the timing of and consequences of parenthood for men and women. Besides her deep knowledge of large national data bases, she has expertise in measurement, methods, and structural equation modeling. Her most recent book is the Handbook of Measurement Issues in Family Research. She is Principal Investigator on an NICHD-funded grant, the American Time Use Survey Data Extract System, which provides advanced extracting capabilities for seven years of time use data on individual time expenditures and on family time allocations to activities across a 24-hour period.
Joan Kahn (CV) is a social demographer whose work focuses on issues related to family, gender and social change in the U.S. Whereas her earlier work examined topics related to fertility, especially among teenagers and immigrants, her more recent work uses a life course perspective to understand aging processes, gender and health inequalities and intergenerational relationships. She studies the broad social changes of the past half century through the changing work and family lives of cohorts, especially those preceding and including the baby boom generation, which spearheaded many of these changes. As the baby boomers move from midlife into the “mature” ages, they bring with them vastly different past family experiences than previous generations of older adults, with potentially important implications for the well-being of both older individuals and their families. Kahn has explored the long-term consequences of earlier life course experiences through studies of the accumulated effects of financial strain on health at older ages, and the long-term impact of birth-timing on women’s careers. She has also explored the changing nature of intergenerational relationships both over time and across the life course through studies of long-term trends in living arrangements and the narrowing gender gap in caregiving at older ages. Her most recent work examines flows of intergenerational support from the perspective of the sandwiched generation, adults in their 50s and 60s who are caught between providing support to older parents while also supporting dependent children. Kahn regularly teaches courses in Demography and Aging to both undergraduate and graduate students. At the undergraduate level, she teaches Demographic Techniques (SOCY 411) and Demography of Aging (SOCY 498D), and at the graduate level, she teaches Demographic Methods (SOCY 611), Seminar in the Demography of Aging (SOCY 626) and Social Aspects of Fertility (SOCY 635).
Rachel Krantz-Kent manages the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) program at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). She joined the staff just prior to the first ATUS data release in 2004. In the interim years, she has worked on all aspects of the survey, including questionnaire development, interviewer and coder training, initiatives to improve survey response, imputation methods, data review, documentation, data analysis, and more. Prior to joining ATUS, Rachel worked as an analyst on the BLS Current Employment Statistics Survey of employers. She earned her M.S. in Applied Economics from the University of Minnesota.
Liana Christin Landivar is a sociologist and senior researcher at the Women’s Bureau in the U.S. Department of Labor. Christin was previously a senior statistician at the U.S. Census Bureau. Christin holds a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Irvine. Her research focuses on women’s employment, occupational segregation, and work-family policies. She is the author of Mothers at Work: Who Opts Out? and has published her work in several books, journals, and government reports. Her work on women’s employment has been covered widely in the media in outlets such as the Washington Post, the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Science.
Gretchen Livingston (CV) is a senior researcher at Pew Research Center. She is an expert on fertility and family demographics. In addition, she studies immigrant adaptation and technology use among Latinos. Prior to joining Pew Research Center, she was a visiting research fellow at the Princeton University Office of Population Research. She earned her doctorate in demography and sociology from the University of Pennsylvania. Since joining Pew Research Center, she has written on stay-at-home mothers, the relationship of fertility and the recession, fatherhood, grandparent caregivers, childlessness, and fertility and education. Livingston has discussed her work with numerous print and broadcast outlets.
Taryn Morrissey's (CV) work centers on examining and improving public policies for vulnerable children. She is Associate Professor of public policy at AU, a non-resident fellow at the Urban Institute, and a Commissioner on the Washington, DC Office of the State Superintendent of Education’s Healthy Youth & Schools Commission. Ongoing research examines early care and education policy, family economic instability, and neighborhood poverty. Her work has been published in journals including Pediatrics, Child Development, Developmental Psychology, and the Journal of Marriage and Family.
Sara Raley (CV) is Associate Professor at McDaniel College. Raley's first publication in a peer-reviewed journal in 2006 was a version of her master's thesis, which investigated whether fathers were more involved with their children when they had sons rather than daughters. She has also published theoretical pieces about the role of the family in a "McDonaldized" world in George Ritzer's "McDonaldization: The Reader." More recently, she has published on the changing earning arrangements of dual-income couples, particularly those in which the wife out-earned her husband, nonstandard work schedules and cohabitation. Her 2009 "Social Forces" article with Melissa Milkie and Suzanne Bianchi about the gendered division of child care in dual-earner families was highlighted in Arlie Hochschild's latest edition of the "Second Shift" as one of the most careful and detailed studies on the subject. Her most recent work focusing on father involvement was published in the "American Journal of Sociology" in 2012. She currently serves on the editorial board for the "Journal of Marriage and Family."
Kevin Roy (CV) is Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Family Science at the University of Maryland College Park School of Public Health. He is recognized as an expert in the field of fatherhood research, with two decades of experience working with low-income families and community-based parenting programs. His research focuses on the life course of young men on the margins of families and the work force, as they transition into adulthood and fatherhood. Through participant observation and life history interviews, he explores the intersection of policy systems, such as welfare reform, community-based parenting programs, and incarceration, with care giving and providing roles in kin networks. He has received funding for his research from NICHD, the W.T. Grant Foundation, and the National Poverty Center. Roy served as a deputy editor for Journal of Marriage and Family and has published over 50 articles and chapters, in this journal as well as Social Problems, American Journal of Community Psychology, Journal of Family Issues, and Family Relations. He is a current editor for the new Sourcebook on Family Theory and Methods (3rd ed) project. His book Nurturing dads: Social initiatives for contemporary fathering in the ASA Rose Series was published by Russell Sage Foundation Press in 2012. He received a Ph.D. in Human Development & Social Policy at Northwestern University in 1999.
Liana C. Sayer (CV) is Director of the Maryland Time Use Laboratory and Professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland. Her research explores vital questions on when, where and how time use matters, and for whom, over time and space. Published work shows that determinants of household work and gendered relationship dynamics are mediated by culturally distinct working time regimes and gender ideologies, such that progress toward gender equality is thwarted by the deeply intertwined, mutually reinforcing nature of gendered families and institutions. Her research has been published in Journal of Marriage and Family, Social Forces, and American Journal of Sociology. Sayer's current projects reflect new explorations of time use variation within and between social groups, across generations, and around the world. These projects conceptualize time use broadly as a distillation of gendered, classed, and racialized practices that express differential life-course endowments of cultural knowledge, cognitive capacities, social resources, time consciousness and health behaviors. Projects underway are focused on testing new methods of collecting and analyzing time use data and investigating continuity and change in the joint influences of gender, race-ethnicity, and social class on time use across the life course.
Brigid Schulte (CV) is the author of the New York Times bestselling book on time pressure, Overwhelmed: Work, Love & Play when No One has the Time, which named one of the notable books of the year by the Washington Post and NPR, and won the Virginia Library Association’s literary nonfiction award. She has spoken all over the world about time, productivity, the causes and consequences of our unsustainable, always-on culture, and how to make time for Work, Love and Play – The Good Life – by rethinking how we work so that it’s effective, sustainable and fair, by re-imagining gender roles for a fairer division of labor and opportunity at work and home, by rewiring social policy, and instead of seeking status in busyness, by recapturing the value of leisure. She was an award-winning journalist for The Washington Post and The Washington Post Magazine and part of the team that won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize. She now serves as the founding director of The Good Life Initiative at the nonpartisan think tank, New America, and director of The Better Life Lab, both of which seek to elevate the conversation, explore transformative solutions and highlight how work-life and gender equity issues are key to excellence, productivity and innovation, as well as a full, authentic and meaningful life for everyone. She has been quoted in numerous media outlets and has appeared on numerous TV and radio programs including NBC Nightly News, Good Morning America, BBC World News, and NPR’s Fresh Air, Morning Edition and On Point. In addition to the Post, her work has appeared in, among other places, the Atlantic, the Boston Globe, The Guardian, Slate, Time, CNN, The Toronto Globe & Mail and Quartz.
Colleen Stuart (CV) (PhD Organizational Behaviour, University of Toronto) joined the Johns Hopkins Carey Business School in 2013. She is an Assistant Professor in the research track with expertise in the areas of collaborative work, social networks, and diversity.
Jooyeoun Suh (CV) is a post-doctoral research fellow at the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, Washington D.C. in the U.S. Her research interests focus on measurement and valuation issues regarding unpaid family care, including child care and elder care, time pressure for working families and building satellite accounts that add the value of housework to national accounting systems. She received her doctorate in economics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Prior to joining IWPR in October 2017, she worked at the Center for Time Use Research (CTUR) at the University of Oxford for three years.
Jennifer E. Swanberg (CV) is a professor at the University of Maryland School of Social Work and Director of the University of Maryland Work, Family & Well-being Research Group. Her research focuses on the development of workplace and public policies that promote worker health and work-life fit. Dr. Swanberg’s expertise includes low-wage work, occupational health disparities, work-life and designing and implementing community and industry-engaged studies utilizing innovative qualitative and quantitative methodological approaches. Dr. Swanberg has worked with diverse employee populations and regularly engages employers and key industry decision makers in the research process. She is dedicated to translating research findings into tools and resources that can be used by employers and policy makers to improve the quality of work-life and well-being for workers and their families.